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• Global warming is caused by the burning of fossil fuels, leading to increased release of heat-trapping greenhouse gases into the atmosphere.
• The increase in global temperatures has resulted in a number of environmental effects, such as rising sea levels, melting ice caps, and an increase in extreme weather events.
• Governments around the world have committed to reducing their emissions in order to mitigate these effects.

What is Global Warming?

Global warming is a phenomenon caused by human activities that add greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide (CO2), methane, nitrous oxide and other pollutants to the atmosphere. These greenhouse gases trap extra heat in our planet’s atmosphere and cause average global temperatures to rise higher than they naturally would. This process of trapping heat is known as the „greenhouse effect“.

Effects of Global Warming

The increased levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere due to human activities are causing global temperatures to rise faster than they naturally would. This results in a number of environmental effects: rising sea levels due to melting glaciers and ice caps; disruption of ocean currents; changes in precipitation patterns; more extreme weather events like droughts and floods; species loss due to changing habitats; acidification of oceans; and more frequent heat waves.

Mitigating Climate Change

Governments around the world have recognised that urgent action must be taken to reduce emissions if we are going to prevent further damage from climate change. In 2015, nearly 200 countries signed an agreement at COP21 (the Paris Agreement) committing them to reducing their emissions over time with the goal of keeping global temperature rise this century below 2°C compared with pre-industrial levels. This agreement provides a framework for countries all over the world to take action on climate change through implementation of national policies such as renewable energy targets or carbon taxes.

Adapting To Climate Change

In addition to mitigation efforts, some focus is now being placed on adaptation measures – making use of new technology or changing behaviours so that people can live more comfortably with a changing climate. For example, planting trees or building green infrastructure can help reduce urban temperatures during periods of hot weather; investing in flood defences can help protect cities against flooding caused by storm surges or heavy rainfall; and improving access to clean water sources can help communities prepare for drought conditions brought about by climate change.

Conclusion

Climate change is an urgent issue that requires immediate action from governments around the world if we are going to prevent further damage from happening. Mitigation efforts seek to reduce emissions while adaptation efforts aim at helping people adjust better with a changing environment caused by global warming. This will require collaboration between governments, businesses and citizens alike if we want future generations to be able enjoy our planet’s natural beauty without fear for its destruction